Add Calculation Points
ElumTools can place discrete calculation point locations on any surface, work plane, topography or boundary line in your Revit model. ElumTools locates points specifically by the associated boundary type (Room, Space, Region, etc.) by selecting the appropriate variation from the command menu, or, to any boundary type by simply clicking the main command button. The selection of Multiple boundary types (Room, Space and Region for example) can be done by selecting the Multiple option. You can also select a boundary in Revit and then select the main Add Calculation Points command to achieve the same result.
Projected point commands require the creation of a footprint for the projection. See Add Calculation Points - Projected.
Basic Interior Use: Add Points - Room or Space Workplane
Basic Exterior Use: Add Points - Region
Most exterior calculations in ElumTools will depend on the use of Regions as the preferred boundary type. Regions are well suited to exterior lighting analysis as they can be of any shape, contain holes (no points), and even include multiple shapes. ElumTools can then easily assign calculation points too the entire region in one operation.
Similar to our discussion regarding basic interior calculations above, exterior calculations may only require point spacing and workplane height. The illuminance Metric is selected by default and masking of unwanted points can be used if the region shape does not eliminate that area.
A very typical use case will be the assignment of calculation points to one region which follows the shape of the parking area (our example image), and then the construction of a larger region to contain all exterior geometry to be included in the calculations. The ElumTools calculation command would then be used to select the larger region as the calculation volume.
In some cases there will be calculation point locations that are obstructed by furniture, machinery or structure that you wish to remove from the calculation. This is called "masking". ElumTools will allow points to be masked by selecting the objects that will create the mask, or by Revit Category such as Furniture. Please refer to the separate topic titled Masking Calculation Points for details.
Calculation point locations can be used for the computation of a number of different lighting metrics, and multiple metrics can be assigned to the same Calculation points instance. To date, these metrics are: Illuminance (E), Diffuse Luminance (L), Luminous Exitance (M), Unified Glare Rating (UGR), Daylight Factor (DF), Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density (PPFD), Cylindrical Illuminance (Ez) and Cylindrical Illuminance/Illuminance (Ez/E) (also known as Modeling effect).
Assign the lighting metrics by opening the Metric section of the Calculation Points dialog and checking the appropriate boxes. Your selection can be changed if necessary using the Edit Points command. When the software is set to a specific Metric on the toolbar, that will be the default metric selection in the Add Points dialog. Similarly, if the calculation mode is set to Horticulture, the default metric will be PPFD.
When you select a calculation option in ElumTools, all Metrics are computed. You can change which metric is visible from the ElumTools toolbar, Metric menu. All statistics are a property of the Calc_points family once the calculations are complete.
By default, all four of ElumTools calculation Modes will be enabled for each calculation grid you place: General Use, Emergency, Daylighting and Horticulture. This simply means that if you are going to run Emergency or Daylighting calculations for the selected boundary, you don't have to enable these modes separately, it is already done. However, if you don't plan on using these modes for this particular boundary, but you do plan on using them for other boundaries (Emergency Mode for example), then you might elect to remove the check marks from the appropriate modes so they do not compute. This saves time and may make your work cleaner as you won't have meaningless results for areas you are not interested in.
The View button to the left of each metric controls the visibility of the calculations relative to that mode in the right side of the dialog. General Use is enabled by default.
Calculation Point Spacing Check (optional)
ElumTools has an internal check for the spacing between calculation points that is designed to warn against points that may be too far apart to yield informative results for the lighting application. This check is optional and must be enabled from System Settings (set Validate Calc Point Spacing to True).
When enabled, the check happens when you attempt to close the Calculation Points dialog.
The spacing check formula is based on British Standard document BS EN12464*. If the point spacing falls outside of the formula boundary, ElumTools will respond with the choices shown in the dialog to the right and discussed below.
Option one (on top) is rounding down from the formula result to the nearest whole number and is the recommended choice.
Option two (middle) is the exact result of the formula calculation.
Option three (bottom) is the value you have entered.
The BS EN12464 standard recommends calculation point spacing based on the following formula:
(metric meters) Point spacing = 0.2 x 5log10(d)
(Imperial feet) Point spacing = 0.286 x 5log10(d)
d = the longer dimension of a rectangular grid, in meters or feet
For rectangular grids, d is the longer dimension of the calculation area. However, if the ratio of the longer to the shorter side is 2 or more, then d becomes the shorter dimension.
For non-rectangular girds, the XY-axis aligned bounding box of all geometry is used to determine d.
Area Based Options (or Point Options)
The Area Based Options section of the dialog provides settings to tailor your point specifics more carefully. This section may also be titled "Point Options" when interacting with Projected calculation points. You may only need this section occasionally depending on your lighting application. The point spacing and workplane height entries are redundant to those under the General section that is open by default.
Spacing (Columns, Rows) - This is provided in the event you want to use different point spacing values for rows and columns. In this case, click the lock (to unlock) and change the values.
Shift Points - Shift Points can be used to adjust the locations of the calculation points horizontally or vertically with respect to the local coordinate system to avoid obstacles, or to shift the grid slightly one way or another. The setting must be a number less than the Spacing. Entries greater than or equal to the spacing will be automatically adjusted. NOTE: This is not the same as Boundary Offset which is more often utilized (see below).
Workplane Height / Grid Offset - Enter any number relative to the base elevation of the boundary (Room, Space, Region etc). This is redundant to the same setting in General Use section of the dialog. The default workplane height for commercial lighting is 2.5 feet in US Customary Units and 0.76 meter in the metric system. In the event of Face Hosted points (Planar Face), this is the distance from the face the plane of points will be located.
|Boundary Offset - The Boundary Offset will constrain the calculation points within an imaginary polygon the same shape as the selected calculation volume (Region, Room or Space), but offset some distance inside (positive) or outside (negative) of the original boundary. Boundary Offset will consider holes caused by geometry such as columns in the computation of boundaries.|
Auto Rotate Points - This setting is enabled by default and will automatically rotate the points to align with boundary volumes that are not orthogonal. When disabled (unchecked), the points will be arranged in rows and columns in the XY plane. By selecting the checkbox, the rows and columns will align with the boundary rotation (see example below).
Center Points- The Center Points option will center the calculation point grid in the room or space such that the end spacing (wall to first point) is less than or equal to one-half the specified point spacing. This setting is enabled by default.
Include Points in Holes - By default ElumTools will not include calculation points in voids caused by face-based objects, even if they are disabled in settings. Points in these areas can be enabled by selecting this parameter.
Include Points on Boundaries - You have the option to include rows or columns of points that fall directly on the boundary of the calculation volume. As an example, consider the crease between the floor and wall. Points on Boundaries are theoretically undefined as they lie in the crease. However, ElumTools may, or may not include these points depending on rounding error. For example, a wall may occlude some points but not others. Typically, boundary points are not desirable on interior surfaces that are adjacent to other surfaces such as floor adjacent to a wall. They may be useful on surfaces that are free standing, such as an exterior region.
|Points centered, no offset, Boundaries unchecked||
Points on Boundaries, not centered,
no offset. Notice the origin of grid is in the upper right corner.
|Points on Boundaries, offset of U=1', not centered. Again, with origin in the upper right corner, the U offset of 1' moves the points to the left by one foot.|
Select Reference Point
If you require a specific reference point for your calculation grid, use the Select Reference Point command to locate this point. After clicking the button, ElumTools will return to Revit to allow you to select any point. This point is most likely going to reside inside the calculation volume (Room, Etc.), and is often most easily thought of as one of the corners of the grid. Calculation points will be spaced accordingly from the reference point. Optionally, you can elect to use the "Include Points on Boundaries" and "Shift Points" settings to align the points to meet your expectations. You can clear the reference point using the Clear button.
Calculation Point Name Synchronization - Calculation points associated with Revit Rooms, Spaces, Areas, and Regions, will synchronize their name with the Revit model name by default. For example: for a Revit room with name of Room 1, the default calculation points family name will be Room 1 as well.
Changing the Room, Space, Area or Region name in the Revit model will automatically update all associated calculation point names.
You can change the calculation points name if desired by entering your own text in the Name cell. ElumTools will no longer synchronize that name with the model. A button below the Name cell is provided to allow you to resynchronize with the model anytime.
|When opening a model saved using a previous Revit version, ElumTools will check for calculation points names that are out of synch. You can elect to synchronize them all at that time or leave them unchanged.|